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Iraq to File a Lawsuit Against Iran Over Water Shortages

Iraq's Water Ministry has completed the procedures to file a lawsuit against Iran for the water shortages that affect the country.

Iraq's water ministry has finalized steps to file a lawsuit against Iran at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) over Tehran's water policy, which it claims has restricted the flow of water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, resulting in water shortages in Iraq.

According to the Iraqi Minister of Water Resources, Mahdi Rashid Al-Hamdani, the ministry has sent a letter to the foreign ministry and the cabinet, and the lawsuit's technical and legal procedures are completed.

He added that the Iraqi government and foreign ministry will be the ones to decide whether to pursue the matter further.

Baghdad has accused Tehran of cutting off water to rivers that flow into the Tigris River and boosting dam building, putting Iraq's agricultural economy and water security at risk. 

Iran has built over 600 dams in the last 30 years.

Despite the fact that the two rivers produce the great majority of Iraq's surface water, they both originate outside the nation and are threatened by upstream dam projects in Syria, Turkey, and Iran. Evaporation has increased as a result of rising temperatures, and a study has revealed that the country is now around 40% desert.

Iraq's water ministry warned that due to declining water levels and climate change, the Tigris and Euphrates rivers could dry up by 2040.

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