|Environmental Assessment - Sep 20, 2017||Updated environmental and social management framework (English) - SFG3631
The conflict in northern Iraq has unfolded at a time of severe fiscal crisis. In the last two decades,
Iraq has witnessed a dramatic fall in almost all human development indicators including poverty,
health standards, life expectancy, and literacy. Extreme poverty is widespread, particularly in rural
areas and a number of governorates. The government’s recovery strategy is to jump-start the
delivery of basic infrastructure and services and rehabilitate critical infrastructure in the liberated
areas from the insurgency. In response to the request of the Government of Iraq, the World Bank’s
support, through the proposed Emergency Operation for Development – Additional Finance
(EODP-AF), is aimed at supporting the Republic of Iraq in the reconstruction of damaged
infrastructure and restoration of public services delivery in Targeted Municipal Areas.
The parent EODP is being implemented in urban agglomerations of Tikrit, Al- Dour, Al-Alam and
Al Dhuluiya located in the Salah Al-Din Governorate as well as urban agglomerations of Jallawla,
As-Sadiya and Al-Azeem located in Diyala Governorate. In addition, suburban areas, villages and
infrastructure across open range land may also be included for project-financed activities. The
EODP is already expanding its support to additional municipalities such as Ramadi and few others
that were liberated over the past year, where immediate support to reinstate services was much
needed. The EODP-AF would expand the support further to other liberated areas and extend to
other priority sectors. This proposed EODP-AF would expand scope from electricity, water,
sanitation and solid waste management, transport (roads and bridges) and health sectors to include
agriculture, water resources and irrigation, municipal services and education. These newly
introduced sectors would address important segments of the society who are living in lagging
regions, poor, with high unemployment and where women’s employment in the agriculture is a
viable one. Similarly, the improvement of municipals services and the return of the younger
generations to a modern schools and curriculum would rehabilitate them from the nearly two years
of fierce conflict and extremist ideologies.
Geographically, the expansion would go beyond today’s Salah Ad-Din and Diyala governorates
to more cities that have been recently liberated in two additional governorates such as Mosul in
Ninawa, Ramadi in Anbar and few others. These cities have experienced enormous damage to all
aspects of from public and private assets whether in terms of infrastructure, services, housing or
Beyond these areas that were directly affected by the conflict, the EODP-AF will also support
communities who are hosting IDPs for the past three years to continue and improve their ability to
deliver services to IDPs. These communities are in many cities in Iraq including in Kurdistan
The common feature for all project interventions is the strict adherence to pre-existing footprints
of buildings, structures and linear infrastructure, which was damaged, destroyed, sabotaged or
stolen during combat activities and occupation by the terrorist groups.
1.2 Project Development Objective and Rationale for Additional Finance
The Project development objective is to support the Republic of Iraq in the reconstruction of
damaged infrastructure and the restoration of public services delivery in Targeted Municipal
Areas. The PDO for the EODP-AF is consistent with the PDO for the parent EODP but with an
expansion in geographical and sectoral coverage: to support the GoI in the reconstruction of the
damaged infrastructure and the restoration of public service delivery in Targeted Areas.
1.3 Rationale for the updated ESMF
According to the World Bank requirements for financing this project, the Project Owner prepared
an Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) that covers the entire scope of
potential investment sub-projects. The ESMF for the parent EODP was prepared, consulted and
disclosed before any EOPD physical activities started. Given that a new scope has been added to
the original EODP, the ESMF needs to be updated to incorporate the new geographical and sectoral
This updated ESMF also includes a positive list of likely activities and investments to be financed,
and a negative list of activities, equipment, and goods that will not be financed by the project due
to their potential, negative environmental impacts.
|Project Info. and Integ. Safeguards||Oct 5, 2017 - PIDISDSA23148
|Appraisal Project Information||Oct 5, 2017 - PIDISDSA23148 (English)
|Project Paper||Oct 17, 2017 - PAD2525
1. This Project Paper seeks the approval of the Executive Directors to provide an additional
loan in the amount of US$400 million to the Republic of Iraq for the Emergency Operation for
Development (EODP) - P155732 [IBRD-85200].
2. Rationale for Additional Financing (AF). Fierce and protracted fighting in areas of Iraq
newly liberated from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), especially Mosul, ISIS's last urban
bastion in Iraq, resulted in extensive damages that have impacted service delivery and basic
commercial activities. In July 2017, Prime Minister Abadi announced the liberation of Mosul and
the need to start reconstruction of the area. The international community has expressed its
commitment to support the Government-led reconstruction of Mosul and other localities that have
been recently liberated from ISIS, namely, the immediate implementation of recovery,
reconstruction, and rehabilitation of priority infrastructure to restore delivery of public services.
The proposed AF will expand the EODP scope to include agriculture, irrigation, urban services,
and education services, as well as additional cities that have been recently liberated from ISIS.
3. The design of the proposed AF is similar to that of the EODP parent project. It is fully
aligned with the EODP’s intended scale-up strategy. Both are intended to complement the
Government of Iraq (GoI) stabilization efforts through restoration of public service delivery via
reconstruction and rehabilitation of priority infrastructure, and to pave the way for Iraq’s
sustainable, inclusive and equitable development.
4. The AF will finance geographic scale-up of the parent project activities to new
municipalities liberated from ISIS in the Salah Ad-Din and Diyala governorates, as well as in
the governorates of Al Anbar (including Ramadi), Ninawa (including Mosul) and others that would
be identified at a later stage. Accordingly, the implementation responsibilities, which under the
parent EODP were under central government institutions, will be expanded to subnational
5. As part of this AF, the following changes will be introduced to specific components of
the EODP: (i) Component 1 on restoring electricity infrastructure and connectivity will be
expanded to the new geographic areas, and will include works and activities related to installation
of the supplied equipment; (ii) Component 2 on restoring municipal waste, water and sanitation
services will be extended to the new geographic areas; (iii) Component 3 on restoring transport
infrastructure will be extended to the new geographic areas and will incorporate financing for a
feasibility study on the operation and maintenance of Mosul airport post reconstruction, as well as
financing for the restoration of public transport terminals that serve intercity transport under a
Public Private Partnership (PPP) scheme; and (iv) Component 4 on restoring health services will
be revised in scope (the component will receive no additional funding and will focus, in addition
to the supply ambulances and mobile clinics, on the repair of damaged hospitals and clinics instead
of replacement of supply of mobile hospitals), since the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic
Development has made available a grant of US$100 million to restore health services in areas
recently liberated from ISIS.
6. The AF will also expand the sectoral scope of the EODP to address pressing education,
agriculture/irrigation, and urban service delivery needs of communities in liberated areas.
In addition to activities that are currently planned or implemented in the four sectors covered by
the parent project (water and sanitation, electricity, transport, and municipal services), the AF
would finance the following activities in the new sectors:
(i) Support for the restoration of agriculture productivity. The AF will finance provision
and distribution of farm household starter packages; repair, reconstruction, and rehabilitation of
key knowledge and service centers for agriculture; and measures to promote access of farmers
and farmer groups to knowledge, services and technologies. This will be achieved through
acquisition and distribution of farm input vouchers1
and establishment of a transparent and
efficient local input supply industry, as well as support for institution building and increased
access of local agribusinesses to working capital.
(ii) Support for emergency repair of water control hydraulic infrastructure and
irrigation schemes. This would support emergency repair of the Falluja barrage and emergency
repairs to six irrigation schemes covering 72,000 hectares (ha). Typical emergency works would
include repair of headworks, main canal water control structures, groundwater wells, small
canal bridges and culverts. This component would also include rebuilding of damaged Ministry
of Water Resources (MoWR) offices and O&M offices including the procurement of machinery
and equipment for operations and maintenance.
(iii) Support for the restoration of education services in liberated and conflict-affected areas
of Iraq. The AF will establish the foundation for additional developments in this sector through:
rehabilitation, reconstruction, upgrading and equipping of education infrastructure;
development and implementation of training and support programs for teachers and school
leaders; and vocational training and social support for youth who are not engaged in education,
employment or training (NEETs).
(iv) Support for restoring basic municipal infrastructure and services and preserving
cultural heritage assets at the governorate levels. The AF’s support in this regard will entail:
rehabilitating urban infrastructure to improve access to municipal, commercial and financial
services; upgrading sports facilities for youth and rehabilitation of selected cultural heritage
assets; and enhancing the capacity of municipal authorities and service providers to deliver
(v) The AF will also deepen and mainstream across project components key citizen
engagement and community participation elements of the EODP design, including the
social inclusion of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), returnees and other vulnerable groups;
support to cultural heritage restoration as a means for dialogue and reconciliation; and fostering
decentralization by strengthening governorate-level implementation mechanisms for planning,
implementation and monitoring.
7. Corresponding results indicators and targets have been adjusted in the Results Framework
of the AF.
8. Partnerships: The EODP has created opportunities for collaboration with development
partners which will contribute to the Iraq’s recovery and reconstruction program. In addition to
United Nations (UN) agencies, the governments of German (EUR500 million), Japan (US$300
1 Electronic vouchers will be utilized by the project. To minimize the risk of failure of the various electronic systems
and processes, a small pilot will be conducted prior to the launch of implementation to identify and rectify errors.
million), and Kuwait (US$ 100 million) have contributed to these programsSome of the funds are
being managed either through the UN system, ReFAATO or directly by the line ministries.
|Executive Directors Meeting||Oct 31, 2017 - 121446
Minutes of meeting of the Executive Directors of the Bank and IDA held on October 31, 2017 and record of approvals September 29 thru October 31
The Executive Directors considered the President’s Memorandum and Recommendation
(R2017-0226, dated October 19, 2017) and approved the additional loan in the amount of US$400 million
to Iraq for the Emergency Operation for Development Project on the terms and conditions set out in the
|Board Report||Oct 31, 2017 - 120901
Executive Directors approved the additional financing in the amount of US$400 million to the
Republic of Iraq towards the Emergency Operation for Development Project (EODP) on the
terms and conditions set out in the Memorandum and Recommendation of the President.
Directors supported the additional financing which aims to support Iraq in the reconstruction of
damaged infrastructure and the restoration of public services delivery in targeted municipal
areas, in a direct effort to reinstate trust between the State and its citizens. They underscored the
importance of supporting the country and welcome the new focus on agriculture in particular.
Directors acknowledged the rapid response of the World Bank team in designing a
comprehensive strategic response plan to Iraq’s pressing needs against a backdrop of a fragile
and high risk conflict environment, noting the complexity of the situation and need to maintain
flexibility and adaptability.
Directors acknowledged the overall high risk of the project including security, fiduciary and
safeguards risks, and underscored the need to carefully monitor risk developments and execute
mitigation measures. Directors stressed the importance of capturing lessons learned from the
implementation of the initial project, particularly in relation to the importance of sustained
engagement with UN partners and other donors to strengthen the institutional capacity of Iraqi
authorities at all levels and increase government’s ability to restore essential services and
promote inclusive recovery and reconstruction. They emphasized the need to ensure adequate
collaboration and complementarity among all actors. Directors noted that lessons learned from
this operation may be relevant for other FCS engagements. They also highlighted the
expectation of private sector engagement in reconstruction efforts going forward.
Directors welcomed the additional financing’s emphasis on gender, youth and employment,
which are principal factors of the MENA Regional Strategy’s goals to rebuild a sustainable
social contract and inclusive reconstruction.